Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (2023)


Gonnahttps://github.comand create an account. Be sure to choose a username that is professional and recognizable, as this will be your username even if you change jobs.

You can choose a free plan for this book. It allows you to create an unlimited number of public and private repositories. The steps and processes are the same for public and private repositories.

If you choose to set up your account with alternative security mechanisms, such as 2-factor authentication (2FA), you can authenticate yourself withlocoDomain. This book covers basic username/password authentication only. For more information about authenticating with GitHub, seeGitHub documentation.

Some of the images in this chapter are from GitHub pages. The GitHub interface may have changed since we created these images, so the content may look slightly different. Some of these images may show the name of the repository branch asmaestroinsteadprincipal; this is not critical for our purposes.

Create a repository

Now that you've set up your GitHub account, it's time to learn how to use it. Every time you sign in to the GitHub website, you'll see a plus icon in the upper right corner. If you click on it, you will see a menu with anew repositorycoupling. Click on the link.

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Choosing a repository name is as follows. There are two general rules to follow:

  1. The repository name must be unique for your account.

    This means that someone else may have mentioned a repository on you can have it too. However, you cannot have two repositories with the same name in your account.

  2. Choose a descriptive name based on your project.

    When it comes to naming conventions, some people separate words with hyphens and others use underscores. This is a personal preference and you can separate your words with any character other than a space or tab.

In this guide we are going toremote repositoryon, where we can push the local repository we created in the previous chapter.

As you'll see in this example, your local and remote repositories don't need to have the same name. we will usemy-first-repositoryas the name of our remote repository on GitHub.

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You'll notice that GitHub has added a green check mark to the text box where we entered our repository name. This tells us that our repository name is safe and usable. If there are spaces in the repository name, GitHub will automatically replace them with hyphens.

The next thing to keep in mind is the callInitialize this repository with the README filebox. This isergioan important step in creating a remote repository.

  • If you check the box, it will automatically create the fileFilefile in your remote repository. Before you can push commits to the newly created remote repository, you mustbitchcode from the remote repository to the local repository. You can read more about this later in this chapter.

  • However, if you leave this box unchecked, you will receive instructions on how to create and connect your local repository to the newly created remote repository.

You usually create a local repository first, so you'll rarely check this box. Whether you initialize a GitHub repository with a README file or not, you need to conceptually understand the implications.

For our example, do thisNOstart oneFilefile, then click on itCreate a repositoryto create a remote repository on

Connect to the GitHub repository

You should now see instructions on how to link your local repository to the remote repository you just created on GitHub. Just looking at the first option, the git command set should look very familiar. We've already done the first four or five commands, albeit with some differences. We just need to run the last two commands to mount our local repository using the remote.

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (3)

Make sure you are at the command line in your project directory and then run the following command. You need to enter your GitHub username and the name of the remote repository:

# Replace your GitHub username and repository name where $ git remote add origin is specified

For example:

$ git add origin remotely

What did we just do?

Before we continue, let's look at the command we just ran.

$ git remote add source url_to_remote_git_repo.git

from basiclocothe command we issueremote git. Use this command to work with remote repositories. how much are you going to spendremote gitOn my own,locolists all remote repositories known to your local repository. If you pass additional subcommands toremote gitcommand, you can add, remove, and modify the remote repositories that your local repository is linked to. Knowing this, it can be guessed that we have the so-calledaddsub command to add the remote repository to your local repository.

that explainsadd remote gitpart of the command, but what's the pointorigenWurl_to_remote_git_repo? Both things point to a remote repository. The last one, calledurl_to_remote_git_repo, it's obvious: it's the URL of the remote git repository, which should end in a.gitenlargement.

Zorigenis what we call oneAlias. The alias is the name that you will use locally to communicate with the remote repository. You can link any number of remote repositories to your local repository, but they must all have unique aliases. Instructions generated by GitHub always useorigenas a pseudonym. Any interaction between the local repository and the remote repository must include this alias. You can name it anything you want, but you must follow git's naming conventions (for example, no spaces). Most programmers useorigenkeep in minda central repository where we keep an official copy of our codebase. In most cases this means a remote hosted

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if you open~/git_basics/.git/configin the text editor you will see how git stores the information we just added. Remember that.git/configthe file is where all the configuration settings for your local repository are stored and overrides all the global settings. Please note that your.git/configIt doesn't necessarily look like the following, which already contains a sample remote repository called "origin".

[core] repositoryformatversion = 0 filemode = true bare = false logallrefupdates = true ignorecase = true precomposeunicode = true [remote „Origin”] url = fetch = +refs /heads/*:remote/refs/source/*["main" branch] remote = source combination = refs/heads/main

Entries below[remote "source"]are specific settings for this remote control. settings below[branch head"]set tracking. For example,remote = sourcetells the local repository to check out the fileorigenremote as the default remote for localprincipalbranch to push and pull.

Github authentication

When interacting with GitHub through the CLI, you'll notice that some form of authentication is required to modify and access resources on GitHub. Starting August 13, 2021, GitHub will switch from password-based authentication to usingtoken-based authentication. Token-based authentication can be achieved in a number of ways, the simplest of which is to use aA personal access token(PAT). PAT is a kind ofencrypted passwordwhich means that the plain text password is not stored on the server. When the client (you) provides the token to the server, the token is hashed using the same algorithm that hashed the stored version of the password, and these values ​​are compared to determine if they match. If you're participating in Launch School, learn more about encrypted passwords in the Web Apps course.

The main benefits of PAT are two:

  • PATs are limited in scope; if someone is at risk, limit the damage that can be done.
  • PAT can be revoked individually; if one is compromised, just create a new one and delete the old one without having to trace every place you might have used a particular password.

The following steps will help you create a PAT. Please note that these steps and menu options are subject to change and may require troubleshooting on your part. Please provide feedback if you notice that any of the information below is no longer up to date.

  1. Verify your email address if you haven't already.
  2. accessGitHub.comand go toInstitutions'.

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (5)

  3. Choose 'developer settings'I'personal access tokens' in the left sidebar.

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (6)

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (7)

  4. click on 'Generate a new token' and give it a name (for example, for personal use)

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (8)

    By default, the PAT expires after 7 days. You can change it if you want.

    As of October 2022, this dialog no longer has a fileGenerate a new tokenchoice. Instead, you have 2 options:thin chips(now identified as Beta) andTokens (classic). If you see these two options, we recommend usingTokens (classic). Don't mess with beta products while you're learning if you can help it.

    And use itTokens (classic), clickGenerate a new tokenon the page that appears, then selectGenerate a new token (classic).

    You may need to verify your account at this point, but after that you should be able to proceed with the instructions below.

  5. Select the ranks to which you want to assign the token.achievesthey are a way to set permissions for users who can access the token.

    Since this token should only be used for your purposes, we recommend not limiting the scopes and checking all the checkboxes as shown below. If you work with other people or organizations and want to give them different levels of access to your repositories, you can generate new, separate tokens and set the appropriate scopes.

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (9)

  6. Click "Generate Token".

    Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (10)

  7. Copy the token ikeep it for future use. You should treat this token like any other password. Consider using a password manager like LastPass or another secure way to store your token. It is also recommended to cache the token in Git usingcache help. This allows you to enter the token as a password when you first authenticate and retain your credentials, so you won't be prompted again until the specified timeout expires. If you are working in a Cloud9 environment, please follow the "Linux" instructions in the link above.

    Note: GitHub's credential caching in Git does thisNOstore your token permanently and therefore should not be used as the only way to secure your token.

  8. You should now test that the token works as intended by using it in the "password" field when signing in to GitHub in the next section.

    If you choose to set up your account with alternative security mechanisms such asTwo-factor authentication (2FA), you can now use this PAT as a starting point for authentication from the command line.

git push

You can create a branch in your local repository (note that each repository starts with aprincipalindustry standard) totoo muchbranch in your remote repository. If you use a command that interacts with a remote repository and you don't specify which branch to interact with, the tracked branch will be used.

Now that we've laid all the foundations we need to push our code to GitHub, let's get to it!

Type the following command at the command line:

$ git push -u principal principal

Z-tuflag tells Git to set the default valueupstreamrepo - which is the external repository you want to use by defaultGod,bitchand similar operations. In this case, we use the so-calledprincipalbranch inorigenrepository, which is short for default remote repository. (Nameorigenis conventional in most cases, although other names are sometimes used). After running this command, you can usegit pushWdraw gitwithout specifying a repository or branch name.

If you've never uploaded anything to GitHub before, you should now see a login prompt:

$ git push -u origin mainUsername dla „”:

After successfully logging in, you should see a message that your objects have been saved. You will also see a message that you have set up your localprincipalfollow the pilotprincipalbranch, thank you-tubandera.

$ git push -u origin main Username for "": joesmith2444 Password for "": Count objects: 5, done. Delta compression with up to 8 threads. Compress objects: 100% (2/2), done. Object write: 100% (5/5), 368 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done. Total 5 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) To *[new branch] main -> main branch root configuration follow remote main branch from the origin.

Again, here's the task breakdown.

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (11)

Video review: git push

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (12)

draw git

Sometimes the code in your remote repository contains commits that you don't have in your local repository. In these situations, you must download commits from the remote repository to your local repository. There are four basic scenarios when you run into this:

  1. You work as a team and several people have uploaded code to a remote repository.
  2. You uploaded it to a remote repository from another computer.
  3. Your project is public on GitHub, and someone contributed to it.
  4. You made a change to a file directly on

github.comIt allows you to edit files directly on the website, but behind the scenes, this container is edited directly on the commit to the remote repository. This is not a good habit and is only recommended in very rare circumstances.

The first two scenarios are by far the most likely scenarios, while scenarios 3 and 4 are quite rare.

While making changes using the GitHub editor is not recommended, we'll use this method to simulate and walk through this workflow.

The first thing we need to do is check the remote repository. To do this, visit At the bottom right of the screen, you'll see a list of the repositories you currently host on

Note: The GitHub interface can change over time, so these images may be out of date. If you see something else on the screen, don't panic. You should still be able to find the information you need, although you may have to do some searching.

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (13)

Clickmy-first-repositoryrepo and you will see the files we uploaded earlier in this chapter.

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (14)

Please note that the content ofLEESMIJ.mdthe files are listed below the file list. It allows you to easily create documentation for your project, which GitHub displays automatically.

Now we need to make a change to the file. ClickLEESMIJ.mdthen click the pencil icon above the file contents.

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Edit the content of the file with the editor and scroll down. You will see two input fields. These fields allow you to create commit messages for the remote repository, just as you dogit cometer -mcommissioned our local repository. Write your approval message, then click the buttonMake changescommand.

While GitHub gives us a nice UI for editing files, making changes to its UI has the same effect on a remote repository as modifying a file locally and then using it.add gitWgit capturedoes in our local repository. Again, for the purposes of this book, we're only editing files directly on GitHub, because that's something you rarely want to do in real-world projects.

Then we go back to our terminal and work with our local repository. We need to monitor our remote repository for changes. The first thing we must do isto recoverrepository which will get the commit data for each branch that contains the remote repository. Because we are currently working with our localprincipalramaget gitthe command will get the commits from the remote repository that contains the tracked remote branch.

On the command line, enter:

get $git

You should see some messages related to git remotely fetching changes. If you don't see any messages, your remote repository has no changes.

$ git fetchremote: Count functions: 3, done.remote: Compress functions: 100% (2/2), done.remote: Total 3 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0) Extract functions: 100% (3/ 3 ), made. From 5afaf12..9389be5 main -> origin/main

The next thing we need to do is look at what has changed. we do it usingdifferenceDomain. On the command line, enter:

$ git diff home main/main

This gives the following result:

$ git diff source main/maindiff --git a/ b/README.mdindex 0647d92..56289ec 100644--- a/ b/ -1.0 +2.4 @@ ++This is my first GitHub repository!++Here's more text.

Salidagit differencethe command shows some changes in oursLEESMIJ.mdarchive. Let's take a closer look at the output.

First we run this command:

$ git diff home main/main

This command tells git to runprincipalbranch in your local repository toprincipalbranch in remote repository (origin/head). In other words, we compare the last commit in the local repository with the last commit in the remote repository. This chain treats the local repository as original content and the remote repository as updated content.

Since we are comparing the modified remote repository to our unmodified local repository, the order of the repositories in the command is reversed from normal. Typically, you want to compare the modified local repository with the original code in the remote repository. When you do that, you need to specify the names of the repositories in reverse order:

$ git diff prop/main main

If you get backwards repositories, exitgit differenceit can be confusing.

Zgit differencethe command compares all files in the first repository (local here) with the corresponding files in the second repository (remote here). Individual differences start with a line that looks like this:

diff --git a/LÉ b/LÉ

This shows that we are doing git diff on a file A file name starting withA/comes from the first repository ingit difference(local) command, whileB/refers to the second (remote) repository.

Then there's some cryptic output that you can ignore for now:

indices 0647d92..56289ec 100644

Now we see the following:

--- a/LÉ b/LÉ

This means that the output will use a-at the beginning of a line that only appears inAfile (local repository) i+it shows lines that are only present on the remote control. you can think+as added lines and-as deleted lines. If the rule is different on both the local and remote repository, you will see both files+W-output rules If some lines have not been changed, they start with a space if they appear.

The following line shows where the specific difference occurred:

@@ -1,0 +2,4 @@

They're a bit hard to read, but they do represent the line numbers in the file.-W+files. In this case, we're looking at a single line starting with line 1 of the local repository.LEESMIJ.mdand 4 lines starting with line 2 of the remote repository version.

Finally we see the differences:

++This is my first GitHub repository!++Here is more text.

Here we see the differences as four additional rows from the remote repository, each with the prefix+indicates a new line.

Reading the differences can be a bit tricky at first. However, with practice, you can learn to read them. The most important thing to remember is this+represents lines added from the repository specified second on the command line, while-represents lines deleted from the first specified repository.

After making sure that you want to download the changes to your local repository, type:

$git pull --ff-solo

from a localprincipalthe branch is configured to useorigin/headbranch, you do not need to specify which branch you want to search for.

Remember that you can also writegit pull --ff-solo origen principalif you want to specify exactly which remote repository (using an alias) and which remote branch you want to search from. The commits are retrieved and merged with the current branch you are on in your local repository.

$ git pull --ff-onlyUpdating 5afaf12..9389be5Fast forward | 4 ++++ 1 modified file, 4 inserts (+)

Now if we open our placeLEESMIJ.mdin the text editor, we'll see the changes we made to our remote repository using the GitHub editor.

#README #This is my first GitHub repository! Here is more text.

Your local repository is now identical to the remote repository and you can start working on your files locally again. You can make changes to the README file, commit the changes, and upload them back to GitHub.

some things to remember

  1. Z--ff-ampart of this task ischoicethis is passed to the command. SpeakslocoExactlyAswe want to try to connect the remote changes to our local branch. In this case, it tells git to get the file toforward quickly to combinecombine the changesfHello). You don't need to understand exactly what it means or how it works, but it conveys the story of a local establishment in simple words.nextto match the history obtained from the remote branch. He-FairHolajust ffmeans yesloco Can'tcombine changes with fast forwardto combineshould stop merging.

  2. There are other options you can go throughdraw gitcombine changes in different ways, but that is beyond the scope of this book. Until you start collaborating and/or with several different branches,git pull --ff-soloshould suffice in most situations where you needbitchchanges from the remote repository.

  3. And use itdraw gitno options for example--ff-am,locodecide for yourself how best to combine the changes. In general, though, it's good practice to be specific about what you want.locoDo. Of the version2.26.0vanloco, If youdraw gitWith no options, you will see this message:

    note: it is not recommended to draw without specifying how to reconcile diverging branches. You can suppress this message by running one of the following commands some time before the next lookup: git config pull.rebase false # merge (default strategy) git config pull.rebase true # rebasegit config pull.ff only # fast-forward onlyYou can replace "git config" to "git config --global" to set the default preference for all repositories. You can also pass --rebase, --no-rebase, or --ff-only on the command line to override the default value configured for the call.
  4. can you onegit pull --ff-solono prior useget gitand checking the changes withgit difference. You should only do this when you areSurelythat you want to remotely bind the changes to your local branch without having to check them out first.

  5. if you already have itget git, thatable toto usegit merge --ff-onlyinsteadgit pull --ff-solo. Actually,git pull --ff-solocombinaget gitWgit merge --ff-onlyin a single command.

Video review: git pull and git fetch

This first review video describes how to use it.get gitWdraw gitseparately, while the other is about how to simply usedraw gitOn my own:

  1. Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (16)

  2. Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (17)

go to clone

What is a git clone?

So far we've talked about merging an existing remote repository with an existing local repository. But what if we don't have an existing local repository and just want to get all the content from a remote repository? That's truego to cloneenter Creates an exact clone of an existing remote repository and copies it to the local machine. The cloned local repository contains all the files, commit history, branches, and everything else related to that git repository.

Zgo to clonethe command has several options, but most of the time it only needs basic usage. This is what it looks like:

$ git clone 

This is what it looks like in action:

$ git clone my_amazing_project Clone to "my_amazing_project"...remote: Feature count: 218, done.remote: Total 218 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) Items received: 100% (218/218), 180.21KB | 0 bytes/s, done. Delta solution: 100% (54/54), done. Checking connectivity... Done. $ lsmy_awesome_project/

Several things happened in the above command:

  1. A new local git repository has been created in a directory namedmy_big_project.
  2. All content in the remote repository been downloaded to the newly created local repository.
  3. Added a remote to the local repository config that points to the remote repository URL, with an aliasorigen. is the same as expensesgit add origin remotely your local repository directory.

This means that it is now possiblegit pushzdraw gitfrom the newly created local repository to/from the remote repository.

When to use "git clone"

go to cloneIt is mainly used when you need to work with a remote repository and you don't have a local repository created yet. For example, if you've just joined a new project, the first thing you'll probably do isgo to cloneproject to start working on it locally.

Another common use case is to tear down an open source project. For example, to view the source code for the popular open source web development platform, Ruby on Rails, you can run this command:

$ git clone

Note that we don't specify the second parameter, the directory name. If you don't specify a folder name as we did here, the default behavior is to create a new folder with the same name as the cloned repository. In this case, the directory is calledrails.

After running this command, you should have a folder calledrails, a local git repository that contains all code and content from the official Rails repository. Also, this local repository will have a remoteorigenwhich points to the official Rails repository. Unfortunately, this doesn't mean that you can send commits to the official Rails codebase now. While you can set it up as a remote repository to your local repository, you still need permission to upload to the actual remote repository which you don't have. However, you can dig in and make changes to your local repository.

Video Review: Git Clone and Fork

Launch School - Guide to Git and Github (18)

Call theme git init i git remote

Of dry commands,begin,go to cloneWgit add source remotelythey're very similar to begin with, so let's see when you should use them.

equipmentWhen to use
beginCreate a new local repository.
remote git add source REMOTEURLAdd an existing remote repository as a remote repository for an existing local repository.
git clon REMOTEURLDownload the content from the existing remote repository to the new local repository, and add the remote repository to the local repository that points to the remote repository.

To restore

Let's recap what just happened in this chapter:

  • First, we create a repository ingithub.comand chose not to initialize it with files, leaving a blank tab.
  • We then notify our local repository of our newly created remote repositoryremote git add source REMOTEURL.
  • We then push some commits from our local repository to our remote GitHub repository usinggit push.
  • So we made a changegithub.comdirectly, simulating a coworker pushing commits on our pilotgithub.comrepository
  • Finally, we push these commits to our local repository withdraw git, sync our local repository with our remote repository.
  • We also learned a bit.go to cloneit is and how you would use it to work on an existing git repository.

As you can see in the steps above, working with git requires very detailed orchestration to keep all repositories in sync: your local, team members, other machines, and finally the central repository.

You may already see that there are a lot of potential problems lurking around, but don't worry about it just yet. Over time, you'll learn how to handle conflicts and how to work with advanced git workflows. For now, focus on working with git and GitHub on a one-man project.


How do I submit a Git solution to learn? ›

There are two ways to submit a lab: Using the git CLI. Using the learn submit command with the learn CLI.
What does learn submit do?
  1. Your local changes are staged via git add . and committed via git commit -am .
  2. Your local commits are pushed to your fork on GitHub with git push.
  3. A Pull Request from your fork is opened.
Oct 5, 2015

What is difference between Git and GitHub? ›

While Git is a tool that's used to manage multiple versions of source code edits that are then transferred to files in a Git repository, GitHub serves as a location for uploading copies of a Git repository. In a sense, then, there's no comparison when it comes to Git vs. GitHub as far as their function.

Is it important to learn Git and GitHub? ›

Git and GitHub help fuel community-driven software development, and learning how to use these tools will ensure that you, too, can participate in these projects.

Should I learn Git or GitHub first? ›

You do not need GitHub to use git, but you cannot use GitHub without using git. There are many other alternatives to GitHub, such as GitLab, BitBucket, and “host-your-own” solutions such as gogs and gittea. All of these are referred to in git-speak as “remotes”, and all are completely optional.

How long does it take to learn how do you use git? ›

If you're trying to learn Git along with a new software language or work on a new project, it may take some time—up to a week or more. Of course, daily practice will help you become familiar with Git and further your mastery.

How hard is it to learn GitHub? ›

Github is easy to use for beginners. In fact, you'll only need to know a few Git commands to learn how to push code to GitHub. If you already know Git, GitHub will be a breeze but it will be a bit harder if you don't know Git. Getting on GitHub can be a game-changer for you as a new or aspiring developer.

What is Git and GitHub for beginners? ›

Git is a version control system that manages and keeps track of your code. GitHub, on the other hand, is a service that let you host, share, and manage your code files on the internet. GitHub uses Git underneath, and lets you manage your Git repositories or folders easily on its platform.

Do companies use GitHub or Git? ›

Yes, Github is a technical skill that you can put on your resume. It is used by numerous companies who want to hire professionals with working knowledge of Github. It is used by companies to make software development easier and faster by monitoring code changes made by team members.

What language is used in Git? ›

Core languages for GitHub features include C, C++, C#, Go, Java, JavaScript, PHP, Python, Ruby, Scala, and TypeScript.

Is GitHub necessary for jobs? ›

It helps you keep track of changes across code versions.

As mentioned earlier GitHub allows collaboration from different programmers. Without a platform like GitHub, it may be a bit hard to keep tabs on who changes something, when, and where the changes are stored.

How do I get good at GitHub? ›

How Do You Create a Strong GitHub Profile?
  1. Pick a Username. Your GitHub username should incorporate your legal name. ...
  2. Add a Profile Picture. ...
  3. Set Your Status. ...
  4. Write a Bio. ...
  5. Feature Repositories. ...
  6. Include ReadMe Files. ...
  7. Make Contributions. ...
  8. Contribute Frequently.

Is GitHub just for programmers? ›

Nope. Like we mentioned above, different people and teams use GitHub for different projects. While we got our start as a version control platform, GitHub is now used to manage teams, share resumes, find new projects, track work, and host discussions, just to name a few.

Can I learn GitHub without coding? ›

You don't need to know how to code, use the command line, or install Git (the version control software that GitHub is built on). If you have a question about any of the expressions used in this guide, head on over to the glossary to find out more about our terminology.

What is the first rule of Git? ›

Rule #1: Create a Git repository for every new project

Every time you start working on something new — your portfolio, a learning project, a solution to a coding challenge, and so on — you should create a new Git repository and push it to GitHub.

What is the best method to learn Git language? ›

11 Best Websites and Platforms to Learn Git for FREE in 2023
  1. Udemy. ...
  2. Introduction to Git and GitHub [Coursera] ...
  3. Learn Git on CodeCademy [FREE] ...
  4. Pluralsight [Free Trial] ...
  5. Git Tutorial by BitBucket. ...
  6. Learn Git Branching. ...
  7. git — the simple guide. ...
  8. Git and GitHub — Step by Step for Beginners (Udemy)

Do scientists use Git? ›

Historically, most data scientists are unaware of software development practices and tools such as version control systems. But, this is changing, data science projects are adopting best practices from software engineering, and Git has become an essential tool for file and data versioning.

Is Git necessary for beginners? ›

Git gives us the simple answer, “Start with the first commit and work the way up to where we left off.” It helps us track the flow of the development, thus speeds up the revision. Git is not only the powerful tool for large collaborative projects, but it is also the learning accelerator for beginners.

How much money can you make on GitHub? ›

Get funding for your GitHub repository
StarsEarnings (per month)
< 10,000$1000
< 50,000$2500
< 100,000$5000
> 100,000upto $10,000
1 more row

Why is Git so difficult to use? ›

The Git interface is more complicated than it has to be because it respects the old habits of its users. Git is secured from man-in-the-middle attacks: there is almost no way of tampering inside a repository without Git noticing something is off.

Can you use GitHub by yourself? ›

Your personal account can own resources such as repositories, packages, and projects. Any time you take any action on, such as creating an issue or reviewing a pull request, the action is attributed to your personal account. Each personal account uses either GitHub Free or GitHub Pro.

Should I put beginner projects in GitHub? ›

Short answer is yes, upload all your project to github. It's free, and can help you at least back-up your work and help keep track of its development over time.

Which editor is best for Git for beginners? ›

1. Sourcetree. Sourcetree is a free Git GUI client that works on both Windows and Mac. This tool is simple to use yet powerful, making it perfect for both beginners and advanced users.

What is a Git branch for dummies? ›

A branch in Git is simply a lightweight movable pointer to one of these commits. The default branch name in Git is master . As you start making commits, you're given a master branch that points to the last commit you made. Every time you commit, the master branch pointer moves forward automatically.

Does the US government use GitHub? ›

Government agencies at the national, state, and local level use GitHub to share and collaborate.

Is Microsoft using GitHub? ›

Throughout their open source evolution, Microsoft has turned to GitHub.

Does Microsoft use Git? ›

You can collaborate better and spend less time managing version control and more time developing code. The following branching strategies are based on the way we use Git here at Microsoft. For more information, see How we use Git at Microsoft.

Does China use Git? ›

Gitee, which was started by Shenzhen-based Open Source China in 2013, is the country's dominant platform for hosting open-source code using git or Apache Subversion, software that helps coders collaborate and track changes.

Is Google using Git? ›

Google's production git service, which is used to host internal and external projects including Android and Chromium.

Is Python used to build Git? ›

GitPython is a python library used to interact with git repositories. It is a module in python used to access our git repositories. It provides abstractions of git objects for easy access of repository data, and additionally allows you to access the git repository more directly using pure python implementation.

Do recruiters actually look at GitHub? ›

GitHub has become an essential tool for many developers and tech professionals, providing a platform to showcase their skills, experience, and portfolio of work. As a result, hiring managers and recruiters often turn to GitHub profiles when evaluating candidates.

Does GitHub count as a skill? ›

GitHub on a resume can say a lot about your professional involvement and skills. Adding GitHub on a resume shows recruiters that you have the required basic knowledge of software version control systems.

Is GitHub like a resume? ›

We would absolutely recommend that you learn how to put GitHub on your resume since it can be one of the best ways to demonstrate your skills and experience to hiring managers. Since coding is such a technical profession, it can often be difficult to verify your real skills to potential employers.

How do I get noticed on GitHub? ›

12 ways to get more GitHub stars for your open-source project
  1. 1) Readme matters. ...
  2. 2) Documentation. ...
  3. 3) Drive visitors from your website to GitHub. ...
  4. 4) Be active in developer communities. ...
  5. 5) Email campaigns. ...
  6. 6) Trending repositories on GitHub. ...
  7. 7) Ask for feedback from relevant communities. ...
  8. 8) Grow a community.
Jan 17, 2022

How is GitHub useful for students? ›

GitHub is a platform for hosting code that allows for version control and collaboration. It allows you and others to collaborate on projects from anywhere. This lesson will teach you the fundamentals of GitHub, such as repositories, branches, commits, and pull requests.

What is a good username for GitHub? ›

Your GitHub username should be professional, much like your professional email it should be some variation of your name. You should avoid twitter handles, gamertags, or anything that is not a variation of your name. a. lovelace is a great GitHub profile name for Ada Lovelace!

Do software engineers use Git? ›

Any software development project benefits from having a Version Control System in place to manage the files associated with the project. Although there are a variety of version control systems available, Git is by far the most popular.

Is GitHub still popular? ›

GitHub continues to hit its stride as one of the most popular programming resources available for code sharing. As a social networking site for programmers, GitHub is a favorite of many companies and organizations looking to facilitate project management and remote collaboration efficiently.

What are the prerequisites for Git? ›

There are no prerequisites to learn GIT basics. You should be aware of what GIT is and how it is used as soon as you begin to learn coding.

Are GitHub courses free? ›

Using GitHub

GitHub Skills offers free interactive courses that are built into GitHub with instant automated feedback and help. Learn to open your first pull request, make your first open source contribution, create a GitHub Pages site, and more. For more information about course offerings, see GitHub Skills.

Can I learn python in GitHub? ›

There are many resources available online to learn Python programming but learning through Github repositories is the popular option among developers. On the Internet, you can find many Github repositories that will teach you python.

What are the 4 stages of Git? ›

Files in a Git project have various stages like Creation, Modification, Refactoring, and Deletion and so on. Irrespective of whether this project is tracked by Git or not, these phases are still prevalent.

How do I become a master on GitHub? ›

3 simple rules that will help you become a Git master
  1. Rule #1: Create a Git repository for every new project.
  2. Rule #2: Create a new branch for every new feature.
  3. Rule #3: Use Pull Requests to merge code to Master.
Aug 17, 2018

What are the three levels of Git? ›

# There are 3 levels of git config; project, global and system.

Is Git a useful skill? ›

Git also allows you to collaborate with other developers on the same project. By hosting your repo on a platform like GitHub or Bitbucket, multiple developers can work on the same piece of code simultaneously. Git makes it easy to merge changes made by different developers into a single, cohesive codebase.

Is there a better alternative to Git? ›

Therefore, SVN, Mercurial, Perforce, Fossil, and Bazaar are all excellent Git alternatives that developers can consider.

How to submit files to git? ›

On, navigate to the main page of the repository. Above the list of files, select the Add file dropdown menu and click Upload files. Alternatively, you can drag and drop files into your browser. To select the files you want to upload, drag and drop the file or folder, or click choose your files.

How do I submit my work to GitHub? ›

3 easy steps to submit a pull request on GitHub
  1. Create your own copy of the code repository by forking the original. ...
  2. Make changes to the required file on your new forked repository. ...
  3. Create a pull request to merge and incorporate your changes into the original repository.
Mar 2, 2016

How do I submit a project to GitHub? ›

Adding your project to a repository
  1. On GitHub, navigate to the main page of your repository.
  2. Click Projects.
  3. Click Add project.
  4. In the search bar that appears, search for projects that are owned by the same user or organization that owns the repository.
  5. Click on a project to list it in your repository.

How do I submit a task to GitHub? ›

Creating an assignment #
  1. Sign into GitHub Classroom.
  2. Navigate to a classroom.
  3. In the Assignments tab, create the assignment. If this your first assignment, click Create an assignment. Otherwise, click New assignment on the right side.

How do I push code to GitHub repository first time? ›

Add an existing project to GitHub steps
  1. Create a GitHub repository for the existing project.
  2. Copy the GitHub URL for the new repo to the clipboard.
  3. Perform a git init command in the root folder of the existing project.
  4. Add all of the existing project's files to the Git index and then commit.
May 28, 2022

Which git command is used for uploading? ›

The git push command is used to upload local repository content to a remote repository.

How to use git professionally? ›

Professional Git Workflow
  1. Track master. First thing we want to do is create our feature branch out of master, because we want to start with the latest+working changes. ...
  2. Create a feature branch. ...
  3. Add your changes. ...
  4. Commit your changes. ...
  5. What if I have to take a break? ...
  6. Push the feature branch. ...
  7. Create a pull request. ...
  8. Get all changes.
Jan 20, 2019

How do I contribute to GitHub daily? ›

The Contribution Lifecycle
  1. Fork the main repository. ...
  2. Clone the forked repository to your machine. ...
  3. Create a feature branch. ...
  4. Commit your changes to the feature branch. ...
  5. Push the feature branch to your fork. ...
  6. Raise a Pull Request against the main repository. ...
  7. Address review comments and get your PR merged.

How do I update a file in GitHub terminal? ›

Open terminal and enter the folder of the github repository/project you want to update. Type into terminal: “git add .” and then hit enter. Type into terminal “git status” and then hit enter (this step is optional) Type into terminal “git commit -m 'type any message here” and then hit enter.

What is the git command used to upload projects into GitHub? ›

The git push command is used to transfer or push the commit, which is made on a local branch in your computer to a remote repository like GitHub.

How do I upload a project to GitHub without command line? ›

Step 2: Create a new repository
  1. Click the + sign next to your avatar in the top right corner and select New repository.
  2. Name your repository TEST-REPO .
  3. Write a short description of your project.
  4. Select Public.
  5. Select Initialize this repository with a README.
  6. Click Create repository.
May 10, 2017

How do I submit an assignment on Gitlab? ›

Follow these steps:
  1. Run a 'git status' to see what files have been changed.
  2. Use 'git add <files>' to stage certain files for a commit, use 'git add . ...
  3. Use 'git commit -m "FINAL SUBMISSION"' to commit the changes to your repository and indicate that you are done and this is your final submission.


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